Bayamo was the second village founded in Cuba by Diego Velázquez on 5 November 1513, under the name of San Salvador de Bayamo. A municipality of Granma province, it is one of the most important cities, a major industrial center and a leading socio-economic and cultural hub for the province, filled with rich history. It is also considered the Birthplace of Cuban Nationality, where the National Anthem of Cuba was first sung. Its historic city center was declared a National Monument on 10 October 1978.
It has a land area of 917.5 sq. km., with a population in 229,932 inhabitants.