Guantánamo, from an aboriginal name meaning “land between the rivers”, is Cuba’s easternmost province, filled with rich history and traditions. Christopher Columbus landed here for the first time in 1492; and Cuba’s first village (Baracoa) was founded by Diego Velázquez in its territory in 1511, proving to be an important stronghold during the Wars of Independence. It has a surface area of 6,186.2 sq. km., accounting for 5.58% of the country’s total surface. It borders on the north with the province of Holguín and the Atlantic Ocean; on the south, with the Caribbean Sea; on the east, with the Windward Passage, which separates the island of Cuba and the Republic of Haiti; and on the west, with Santiago de Cuba province. Demographically, the province has a total of 514,230 inhabitants, with a density of 82.6 per sq. km. There is a distance of 965 km. between Guantánamo and Havana.